Learning apart and together: towards an integrated competence framework for sustainable entrepreneurship in higher education

Sustainable entrepreneurs, i.e. thosewhoproactively facilitate latent demands for sustainable development, are nowin higher demandthan ever before. Higher (business) education can play an important role in laying the foundation for these sustainable entrepreneurs. Traditionally, however, educational scholars focus either on the issue of education for sustainability or on entrepreneurship education. There is little work which explores and/or crosses the boundaries between these two disciplines, let alone work in which an effort is made to integrate these perspectives. In this article, a competence approachwas taken as a first step to link the worlds of education for entrepreneurship and for sustainability because we postulate that both, apparently different, worlds can reinforce each other. Based on a literature review, focus group discussions with teachers in higher education (n ¼ 8) and a structured questionnaire among students (n ¼ 211), a set of clear, distinct competencieswas developed, providing stepping stones for monitoring students’ sustainable entrepreneurship development in school-based environments.